中国居民膳食营养素参考摄入量表(婴幼儿及孕妇、乳母部分)

发布时间:2013-08-29
 

1.能量和蛋白质的RNIs及脂肪供能比

 

年龄(岁)能量蛋白质脂肪
RNI(MJ)RNI(kcal)RNI(g)占能量百分比
0~0.4MJ∕kg95kcal∕kg1.5-3g∕(kg•d)45-50
0.5~0.4MJ∕kg95kcal∕kg1.5-3g∕(kg•d)35-40
1~4.60 4.40 11001050353535-40
2~5.024.8112001150404030-35
3~5.645.4313501300454530-35
4~6.065.8314501400505030-35
5~6.70 6.2716001500555530-35
6~7.10 6.6717001600555530-35
体力活动PAL 
10.03 8.80 24002100756520-30
11.29 9.62 27002300807020-30
13.38 11.30 32002700908020-30
孕妇 +0.84 +200 +5,+15,+2020-30
乳母 +2.09 +500 +2020-30

 

2.常量和微量元素的RNIs或AIs

年龄(岁)钙Ca磷P钾K钠Na镁Mg铁Fe碘I锌Zn硒Se铜Cu氟F铬Cr锰Mn钼Mo
AI(mg)AI(mg)AI(mg)AI(mg)AI(mg)AI(mg)RNI(μg)RNI(mg)RNI(μg)AI(mg)AI(mg)AI(μg)AI(mg)AI(μg)
0~300150500200300.3501.515(AI)0.40.110  
0.5~400300700500701050820(AI)0.60.415  
1~600450100065010012509200.80.620 15
4~80050015009001501290122510.830 20
孕妇              
  早期800700250022004002020011.550     
  中期1000700250022004002520016.550     
  晚期1200700250022004003520016.550     
乳母1200700250022004002520021.565     

 

3.脂溶性和水溶性维生素的RNIs或AIs

年龄(岁)维生素A维生素D维生素E维生素B1维生素B2维生素B6维生素B12维生素C泛酸叶酸烟酸胆碱生物素
VAVDVEVB1VB2VB6VB12VCPantothenic acidFolic acidNiacinCholineBiotin
RNI(μg RE)RNI(μg)AI(mg α-TE)RNI(mg)RNI(mg)AI(mg)AI(μg)RNI(mg)AI(MG)RNI(μg DFE)RNI(mg NE)AI(mg)AI(μg)
0~400(AI)1030.2(AI)0.4(AI)0.10.4401.765(AI)2(AI)1005
0.5~400(AI)1030.3(AI)0.5(AI)0.30.5501.880(AI)3(AI)1505
作者:dangban 文章来源:营养科
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